Egalitarians often claim that gender roles are a result of the Fall of man into sin. They might agree that the husband appears to be the “head” of the wife in some biblical texts but that those texts are reflecting an imperfect situation. Male leadership in marriage is not rooted in the order of God’s good creation but in sinful human pride. For example, Rachel Held Evans has written,
In the biblical narrative, hierarchy enters human relationships as part of the curse, and begins with man’s oppression of women—’your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you’ (Genesis 3:16). But with Christ, hierarchical relationships are exposed for the sham that they are… (A Year of Biblical Womanhood., p. 219)
In this view, there is no mention of male and female roles in Genesis 1-2. Ideas of leadership and submission only enter the picture after Adam and Eve have sinned. Thus male headship is a feature of the curse that God seeks to overturn through the redemptive work of Christ. At least that is how the egalitarians have it.
But are they correct? In an article for The Gospel Coalition today, I argue that they are not. Adam appears as the head of his wife in chapters 1-2 before there is any sin in the world. Here are five evidences that I give for Adam’s headship in Genesis 1-2:
1. The Order of Creation
2. The Order of Accountability
3. The Designation of the Woman as “Helper”
4. The Man’s Naming of the Woman
5. The Order of Satan’s Temptation
For a full explanation of each of these, you’ll have to go read the rest of the article here.